Welcome to the Cave of the Glowing Skulls
In memory of Dr. George Hasemann 


ladder.jpg (62672 bytes)This chamber remained undiscovered until recently because it is so hard to reach, many meters above the floor of the cave.

Limestone is composed of the mineral calcite (CaCO3).  Rain water dissolves carbon dioxide as it falls, forming carbonic acid (H2O + CO2 = H2CO3).  This acidic water dissolves small quantities of calcite, enlarging fractures through which the rain water flows.  Over geological spans of time, enormous voids can develop.  As these voids reach the surface and air begins to circulate through the cave, evaporating water leaves behind the calcite once held in solution and depositional features develop.


GHcave.jpg (134189 bytes)Stalactites and stalagmites - and perhaps the largest rimstone structures documented - decorate the upper burial chamber..  Note that calcite crystals (white) define the high-water mark, the level of the stone that held the water in this natural tub.  Rimstone structures grow as water slowly flows over the top and down the other side, depositing additional calcite a molecule at a time.  These structures are thicker at their base than at their tops.


GHbones.jpg (132895 bytes)  Dr. George Hasemann, archaeologist of the Instituto Hondureño de Antropología e Historia, examines a burial preserved by its calcite coat.  Note the stocking feet.  Great care must be taken not to track dirt into the burial area.  Just the oil from human fingers can stain and ruin 'living' flowstone - calcite formations still developing and growing as water oozes from cracks in the cave ceiling. 


bones1.jpg (113867 bytes)Typical burials consist of a stack of long bones with a skull placed on top.  Gifts were sometimes left inside this structure.  Bits of charcoal from torches provide scientists with C-14 for radiometric dating, while even the bones provide clues to customs and the diet of this ancient society.




bones.jpg (93926 bytes)No one knows how the flesh was stripped from bones before final burial.  Similar burial customs are found among ancient peoples throughout Central America.

bonepile.jpg (99325 bytes)Bones coated with calcite have been preserved, while those exposed to oxygen have largely decomposed, leaving few fragments.





cavearch.jpg (132465 bytes)An archaeologists works patiently, examining and sorting fragments from one of these decomposed burials.  Most of the calcite-covered remains were left intact for future scientific investigations, but some have been damaged by grave robbers.  There has been NO precious material found in Talgua Cave, which pre-dates widespread use of jade or gold in Mesoamerica.

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